Introduction to Tools, Techniques & Instruments for Outing

As the definition says, is oriented east and find the rest of the cardinal points. But when we talk about an adventurous inroad in remote natural environments, making trekking, hiking or exploration, in addition to being oriented at all times through the corners this adventurer would have to master all the techniques possible orientation.

How a guidance manual says: “The tools for exploring nature” and the thing goes through there. Learn and master the techniques of counseling and land navigation, mapping and learn procedures position on the charts, as an operator knows how their tools, it is essential to explore the nature without missing.

Tools used the adventurous trip

  • Maps,
  • Compasses
  • GPS are tools

Topographic maps

The general mapping and topographic maps in particular are one of the tools. Maps and charts are representations of portions of the earth’s surface they have been reduced proportionately (to scale) for observation.

These representations in a plane have information that can be read directly (as posts, villages, rivers, landscapes, etc.), information that can be measured (distances, directions) and information in three dimensions to be interpreted.

Through altimetry, using heights (heights above sea level), and equidistance contours can obtain heights, slopes, identify edges and streams; so we can imagine the relief of the surface we observe.


Find the east and from there the rest of the cardinal points: N, S, E, W and based on these quadrants: NE, SE, SW, NW. To find the east and the rest of the cardinal points and there are several methods that divide two groups in natural and instrumental methods:

  • Natural methods of guidance: they are derived from the stars. The movement of the sun and stars. The rising and setting in the lexicon of stallholders, carriers and field men. The Southern Cross in the southern hemisphere. Mosses on stones and trees that indicate South to name a few.
  • Instrumental methods of guidance are given by three instruments: compass, altimeter and GPS Each has its benefits and limitations. It is important to use all the options of each to realize their potential.


Knowing the position and to place it on the topographic map is the key.

An element to consider is the position line. A line position in the city is a street or an avenue. We can say a street and a height and reach a meeting point in the city. We can say the intersection of two streets and get a fix.

In nature it is the same. A river is a line position shown in the field and in the topographic map. One direction is a direction of a reference in the field that can take it to the topographic map as a steering angle and draw a line.

Geographical coordinates are read on the display of GPS can take them to the topographic map as parallels and meridians and we can get a position. There are several techniques that can be used in position topographic maps according to the instruments.  We have available as Compass, altimeter, GPS, environmental conditions of visibility, references in the field, through the method of triangulation by geographical coordinates, flat and polar coordinates.

Land Navigation

Sailing is moved from one position to another following a referral system. In the cities we sailed along the streets and heights in the area sailed following different natural, artificial and instrumental references to advance a march, walking or hiking and always knowing where and where we go out. When we have paths, marked and signposted chopped navigation becomes apparent.

When we point the way (point position) of our destination loaded in the GPS, there is good signal and the equipment has batteries, navigation is simple. But when we are off-road with varying visibility and we topographic map and compass, there mastering techniques and navigation with compass position are vital. Mastering the different techniques of land navigation compass allows us the ability to move on the ground and give us autonomy and security.

These tools, techniques and procedures have to be learnt, master them and practice them. Making use experience we will manage more accurately and give us many possibilities when planning and making a trip, a trek or a scan.

Besides the topographic map has a lot of information that can be used in planning the trip. The level of information that gives us lets us know the type of terrain, terrain heights, vegetation, water courses, distances, directions, coordinates and to calculate the running time backpacking that require us trace the route.

10 Tips to Avoid Accidents with Cyclists on the Road

Cycling is a sport gaining popularity and becoming more frequent crossing with cyclists on the road when we are driving, both on road and in town. It is a fact that with the arrival of warm weather moves more people cycling, especially during the weekends. Such situations can be dangerous for both cyclists and drivers. In spite of the Highway Code, unfortunately every year we have to lament the death of several cyclists on our roads.

Avoid Accidents with Cyclists

Here are few tips that can reduce the accidents with the cyclist

  • Pay attention to the signs that make you cyclists. There are intermittent, but we warn in advance maneuvers waving his arms.
  • The Highway Code dictates that cyclists have priority over motor vehicles, especially at intersections, changes of direction and roundabouts. Since a car accelerates and brakes more quickly, giving preference to the slow vehicle unless the movement slows down.
  • Overtaking on the road are the sticking point. Overtake the cyclist without invading the opposite lane can be a very dangerous mistake. Remember to keep a minimum lateral distance of 1.5 meters to avoid turbulence that unbalanced the rider.

How to Avoid Accidents when Cycling

  • If central continuous line, to keep a safe distance, the car driver is allowed to exceed the oncoming lane if security conditions allow.
  • Do not hit the bike. If you cannot advance at the time, slow down and not be intimidated. As with other car, you should keep a safe distance in order to perform an emergency stop.
  • When flowing through the oncoming lane overtaking do not do in your lane. Think you can react inappropriately and off the road.
  • You cannot park in bike lanes or crossing points for them. If you need to stop, wait a little longer to find a service road. Better not force the rider to go out and exposed to the road.
  • In town, before leaving the car, check that you will not hit any rider to open the door.
  • Same caution with better or worse equipped cyclists. Remember the helmet, even increase security, does not prevent the damage in case of accident.
  • In case of rain, extreme your care. Bicycle wheels are much more unstable in the wet and cyclist traveling in front of your car may suffer unexpected slips. You must be prepared to react in time.

Remember that 73% of accidents with cyclists on the road occur on urban roads, but is on interurban roads where the highest number of deaths occurs.

Some Interesting Winter Sports You Can Enjoy

Winter is the special period of time in a year when people can have a lot of fun with different kind of outdoor activities such as playing some great exciting sports. The sports usually played in winter are called winter sports. There is another reason to be called as winter sports because you cannot play them in other seasons. The best thing is that you don’t have to be shedding a single drop of sweat while sporting.

Because, in winter, the weather is normally cool though the weather varies country to country. There are a large number of winter sports that generally are popular all over the world. Let us have a look at some most popular of them.

Alpine Snowboarding:

Alpine Snowboarding Tip

Alpine Snowboarding is one of the most exciting winter sports which is full of fun and adventure. In the list I would like to place it very first. Alpine snowboarding is kind of snowboarding which generally practiced on a groomed piste. Alpine snowboarding was introduced for the first time in 1998 Winter Olympic Games and since then 42 of Olympic medals have been given till 2006, among them 14 bronze, 14 silver, and 14 gold.

Alpine Skiing:

tip on Alpine Skiing

Alpine skiing is another winter sport that I would like to place next to Alpine snowboarding. It is mainly a competitive sport. A participant or a rider needs to glide on snow using his skis that are attached to his feet. There are several types of skiing and Alpine is the most popular among them, in the same time the most dangerous one as well. The skiers also participate in different major events like Winter Olympic, World Cup etc.

Ice Hockey:

Ice Hockey tricks

Ice hockey, a winter game, is played as a team. The game is played between two different teams on ice using hockey sticks to shoot a puck. Ice hockey is considered the major game in few parts of the world such as Canada, and United States especially in the northern part.

Figure Skating:

Figure Skating Sports

There are numerous exciting games that can be reformed individually and here Figure skating is the best among them. Figure skating is also considered as the first winter sport that included in 1908 Olympic events. There are few disciplines of it in current Olympic such as ice dancing, pair skating, men’s single, and women’s single. Figure skating is also included in major events in different parts of the world especially in Europe.

Ski Jumping:

Ski jumping, a kind of Nordic skiing, has also great popularity where the participant or the skier jumps with skis and flies as distance as possible. Though ski jumping is a winter game but it is practiced in summer these days by creating artificial surface as it needs for. The game was first introduced in 1924. It is also believed that the game is originated in Norway.


Bobsled Sport tip

Bobsled is mainly a team game a team can be consisted of two to four players. Basically, they make a timed run on iced track in the gravity-powered sled. The very first Bobsled tracks were built in Switzerland.

Slopestyle Snowboarding:

Slopestyle Snowboarding Guide

Slopestyle is one of the popular winter sports especially categorized as action sport.  It is considered that the roots of slopestyle are MMX and skateboarding combined. Basically, spin, flips, grinds, and grabs are the main four categories slopestyle snowboarding. In 2014, Slopestyle was introduced in Winter Olympic for the first time in Sochi, Russia.


In Curling, there are two different teams having and each team consists of four players. The main elements are bowl, shuffleboard and boules. As a team game curling needs a great teamwork and good strategy. Curling was first originated in Scotland. The game is also known as “Chess on ice” in some parts of the world.

Nordic Combined:

It is a competitive winter sport where the participants compete into cross-country skiing and ski jumping. There are mainly two major competition where Nordic combined is performed at Winter Olympic and Combined FIS World Cup. In 1924, the game was introduced first in the Winter Olympic.


Skeleton game sport guide

Skeleton is one of the fast sliding winter sports where the participants ride small sled, lying face down the track. Surprisingly the participants or riders experience the speed over 130 KM per hour. This winter game was also introduced in Winter Olympic in 2002.


Bobsleigh racing is another winter sport though may not similarly popular like all other sports mentioned earlier but it has its own value in Winter Olympic. People from different countries like to save a place for bobsleigh in top ten winter sports list.

Short Track Speed Skating:

Here is another one, exciting and full of fun. Short track speed skating is generally popular for its unpredictable nature. It is a genre of skating where participants maneuver the course with tight track and sharp turn precisely at an extraordinary speed. The game is also performed in winter Olympic.


Luge game outdoor

Lugo is another popular winter sport. During 2010 winter Olympic, unbelievably luge took the place of third most watching game and the second talked about.    

This is not a complete list of all the winter sports as we know there are lots of winter sports popular in different parts of the globe but I just tried to show some of them especially those are most popular all over the world. Every single sport I mentioned above is exciting and thrill filled though none of them is free form danger. Hope you enjoyed it.

Travelling Tips For Newbie

Travelling is sometimes compered to our life, because both of them are full of fun, adventure and sometimes suffering too. If you are planning to go for travelling and looking for some effective tips to make the journey more enjoyable, then have a look. Here is a short list of most effective travelling tips that you need to know before travelling.

No. 1) Pack less things

You should start travelling with just a hand-luggage that carries only necessary things. What do you think, you really need five pairs of shoes and an iron? If not, then pack less but most important things. You can cut your toothbrush in half to make it small and easier to carry. Pack less and travel easier, cheaper, and faster.

No. 2) Leave guidebooks home

You don’t have to bring the whole guidebooks, just make one or two copies only the pages you should keep with while travelling. It will definitely save weight and space as well.

No. 3) Choose seat carefully

If you get an opportunity to choose your seat then choose it carefully. In that case I would like to suggest you not to choose a seat besides babies, women (if you are a men), and groups of young guys who are going to chat with loud laughter the whole way. Babies create unwanted awkward situation and you may get involved in it. And women, ladies tend to go to toilet more often than the men.

No. 4) Use memorizing power:

Just memorize few handful words of local language and try to use them. You don’t need to be an expert of that specific language, just learn few useful, meaningful words to communicate or surprise the local people. And get surprised how it works because locals have a tendency to warm the people who communicate with them using their own language.

No. 5) Enjoy airport lounge

If you are going to fly a long way, try to pre-book an airport lounge. It might cost high but you will get an awesome environment with some impressive facilities like complementary drinks, good food, newspapers, magazines, Wi-Fi etc. It will let you make a fresh start to your journey.

No. 6) Bring a smart device

Most people don’t bring an expensive things when they are ready for travelling because there is always chance to lose them. In that case I would like to suggest you to bring at least a tab or a smartphone which can connect you to internet. While traveling, you will definitely be needed to get connected to internet at any time.

No. 7) Look before every time you leave

You are travelling in a foreign country and suddenly you find out that your passport is missing. Think once more what is going to happen then. To avoid the situation, always look back whenever you ready to leave any place like a cafe, a bar or an airport etc. and make sure that you have not left anything behind.

No. 8) Use alternative language

If you ever get stuck with a language barrier, use your body language to communicate. Suppose, you don’t know local language, the local doesn’t know your language. It is the time to use body now. Always make full stop with a smile and remember it the international language that known to all around the world.

No. 9) Bring some effective things

Do not forget to take the important things you need like Tiger Balm, emergency medicine, a pack of playing cards, a mini DVD player or a tab etc. A DVD player or a tab with cartoon movies is enough to keep your kids busy. If you are travelling with a group of friends and get stuck in unexpected delay, you can pass the time by playing the playing cards.

No. 10) Do not hurry

Traveling can be compared to life which is full of journey, full of fun. Don’t try to reach your destination as fast as possible. Travel slowly and remember you will discover more.

So, are you ready for travelling? Now have a look on your luggage once more and make sure you packed every important things you need to bring. Keep in mind the tips mentioned above and have an excellent suffering free safe travelling.

A Great Guide to Fishing

Fishing is a great sport but like everything else you have to start at the beginning.  There are various forms of fishing gear in stores, numerous fishing techniques in periodicals, and fishing tips online. To make it all easy, here are the important things you need to be aware for your fishing expedition.

(1) Learning to Fish with Bait

So, what type of fishing tackle should you use? To plunk the lure, get lead weights. The burden of the lead would vary contingent on the wave currents of the surroundings. Anglers generally use and advocate bank sinkers with a number-two hook. To avoid sinkers to slide, you’d need a pivot to behave as a stop. To protect the knot, you can utilize the plastic beads between the swivel and weight. Using 2 suitable swivels could allow you to rig the sliding sinkers.

Fish with Bait

When it comes to fishing lure, the typically used lure for catching all different kinds of fishes is worms. Another bait popular with anglers is chicken liver. Bear in mind that fresh bait need to be used and keep them cold to avoid being too soft to be stayed within your fishing hooks. Some of the other common baits includes cut-baits such as shrimps, fish entrails, skin from fried chicken, fish entrails, salmon eggs, grasshoppers or crayfish tails.

(2) Learning to Fish with Three Basic Methods.

  • Plunking. This is the most common method used. Get an appropriate quantity of weight for you to be able to contain the bait in a placement that is against any wave. An alternative in plunking is to utilize minimal weight for the lure to move along with the water stream.
  • Back bouncing. Back bouncing is another method and it is is done by elevating the lure out the bottom and heightening the tip of the rod for one to 2 feet. Allowing the lure to flow with the current, you should let go of the back reel or spool. Repeat the steps when the lure steadies down onto the beneath. Back bouncing is an effective in heavier water like fishing in a boat.
  • Drift Fishing. The last method used is drift-fishing, a simple and basic technique where you cast upriver or downstream. This may vary depending on the amount of current. You should count the appropriate profoundness and start reeling.

(3) Learning to Fish from a Boat.Guide to Fishing 2015

It is crucial to ascertain which positioning you would perform your fishing. Deeper water requires heavier jig-heads as compared to fishing on shore. Heavy weight keeps your bait near the bottom of the water level and the line right down from your boat, you will be able to drift the boat on with any current. A beneficial method of fishing on boats is trolling gradually with a fishing tool called bottom-walker.

(4) Buy Seasickness Medication.

There is nothing worse than ruining your fishing trip because of seasickness. Some seasickness medication such as Bonine is good. Furthermore, seasonal fishermen are known to take some on rough days. Take one before you go to bed, another at the time you wake up and the last one before you get on the boat.

(5)  Buy a Reference Book.

A lot of good books can be purchased at your bookstores and on the Web. The book will give you directives as well as definitions and terms. You may not understand the whole thing at the beginning but at least you should know. You will be thought how to tie various kinds of knots. This information will be helpful for different purposes all your life.

(6) Go to a Party.

Some party boats can hold from fifteen to as many as fifty anglers. The boat is equipped with everything like bait, reel, rod, sinkers and hooks. The employees assist you with fishing and they remove the fish from the hook for you. Mates also will find you and will generally stay close to assist you. The party boat is a good deal for beginners.

(7) Pick Your Pier.

You also need to locate a fishing pier, if you have already acquired skills to operate a rod and reel. A lot of coastal cities are equipped with one public pier or pay-to-fish pier. You may be able to rent tackle and buy bait at the piers. If you face trouble, there are many pier anglers that can help and give you tips.

(8) Party or pier.

Now, you may desire to do either step three or four or both. The right thing to do is to do both often to really learn.

fishing party now

As you can see, fishing is not that difficult. In fact, it can be pretty easy as long as you’re enjoying the trip. Getting your friends and family to tag along will make your first fishing experience a much more memorable one.

Avoid Getting Lost While Climbing a Mountain

The risk of lost-Climbing is an activity that is quite fun as well as a healthy sport. Mountain climbing is also beneficial to train physical strength. Although it has been professional in climbing, a climber certainly cannot escape the risk of getting lost while hiking. It happened because of the difficulty of impassable terrain, unpredictable weather conditions as well as other causes.

For that, you should pay attention before climbing. Here are some tricks to avoid the risk of getting lost while hiking and prepare everything carefully and precisely. For that following a review of tricks in order to avoid the risk of getting lost while hiking:

  1. You need to prepare for climbing as carefully and completely as possible

While hiking there are no shops or supermarkets, so preparations such as the provision of food and beverages and clothing while climbing indispensable. Do not forget to include personal items such as: jacket, sandals, day-pack, shoes, masks or buff, gloves, maps, compass etc. You can rent the equipment at the nearest climbing equipment rental or you can buy the essential equipment standard to climb. It is also to anticipate in order to avoid the risk of getting lost while hiking.

  1. Search for information about the flow of the ascent

Take information about the map, the availability of water and more. You can find it through the many articles available on the internet.

  1. Do not forget to report to base-camp

Because the report to base-camp your name and the group will be registered, so that stakeholders can estimate the number of climbers who go up and down as well as facilitate coordination with the parties concerned. For example, when something unexpected happens, such as the risk of getting lost.

  1. Follow the flow of the ascent that has been authorized

There are many roads to reach the top, so too the time down there’s also Groove shortcut directly uphill. But the better you follow the official climbing because it is a major route. So don’t change the route, if there is something that you don’t know, then you have to follow your group member.

  1. Don’t panic

While the risk of lost really occurs or inclement weather occurs then don’t panic. Stay optimistic with seeking help finding a hiking track. You can also try contacting your friends there are others. Pray to God, he will give the best way out.

  1. Do not forget to pray

No one can save us when the risk of loss or risk worse unless Allah SWT, so pray before and during the climb you have to do in order that Allah Almighty always be with us to keep us.


The Ultimate Packing List for Your Trip

Nothing forgets with my packing list. This is ideal for backpackers and world travelers. You can find the best packing list on this article and with this Pack list you can be sure that you never forget. Here’s everything you should pack for your trip!


Here is my perfect packing list. In my small Backpack, that’s all I need is definitely not too much and not too little. If you ask the question yourself that have I actually taken everything for traveling? Then thinks immediately. If it is not then you can take it or you may buy it on the spot.

Here is the details of your packing for tour:

Packing list of Clothes

  • 1 x compression bag
  • 1 x bag of underwear
  • 1 x Hoody (a hooded sweatshirt)
  • 1 x long trousers
  • 1 x ankle socks
  • 1 x normal socks
  • 7 x underwear
  • 1 x black Bra (is not dirty)
  • 2 x bikinis
  • 3 x short pants / shorts
  • 2 x Boardshorts
  • 4 x tank tops
  • 6 x T-shirts
  • 1 x checkered short sleeve shirt
  • 1 x bandana scarf
  • 1 x flip flops black
  • 1 x converse shoes or Nike free run

Packing list of items

  • Travel towel
  • Sleeping bag liner
  • Sarong
  • Jute bag
  • Inflatable neck pillow
  • Sunglasses & case
  • Ear plugs
  • Padlock
  • Ziploc zipper bags (various sizes)
  • Notebook and pens
  • Sleep mask
  • Business cards 
  • Swiss army knife
  • Sunscreen 30 +
  • Mosquito spray
  • Drybag
  • Plastic bag for soiled linen
  • Tempur sleep mask

Packing list of Electronics & Digital goods

  • Plug
  • Headlamp
  • Memory stick
  • Amazon Kindle
  • Samsung Galaxy 2, charger camera and memory card reader
  • MacBook Air 11 “including charger, headphones and bag
  • External hard drive 1 TB
  • iPhone 5 without SIM-lock & charger
  • Venkon external iPhone case battery

Packing list of Toiletries

  • Tampons (various sizes, best pro comfort) or alternatively: Moon Cup (menstrual cup)
  • 1-year supply of soft month contact lenses
  • Extra contact lens container
  • Shaver and extra blades
  • Opti-free replenish contact lens solution
  • Contact lens solution travel size (in the travel set)
  • Glasses and case
  • Eye drops
  • Lip care
  • Tooth brush
  • Toothpaste
  • Hair brush or comb
  • Hair styling product coconut wax
  • Dr. Bronner’s liquid soap
  • Cotton swab
  • Mascara
  • Concealer
  • Eyeliner
  • Cleansing or facial tissues
  • Nail scissors
  • Tweezers
  • Small hand mirror

Packing list of Travel Pharmacy

  • Vitamin tablets
  • Paracetamol
  • Ibuprofen lysine
  • Disinfect spray
  • Motion sickness tablets
  • Fenistil gel
  • Broad spectrum antibiotics
  • Protopic ointment
  • Standby MALARONE tablets
  • Electrolytes
  • Patch
  • Charcoal tablets
  • Imodium
  • Sleeping pills
  • Nasal spray

Packing list of Documents

  • Waterproof document pocket
  • Pass
  • Driver’s license
  • International driving permit
  • Vaccination certificate
  • Debit card
  • VISA credit card
  • MasterCard credit card (as a backup)
  • Diving IDs
  • Diving insurance card
  • Identity card
  • Extra passport photos
  • Small purse

List of some emergency Kit

  • Phone card with at least 60 minutes of time
  • Oral decongestant
  • Insect repellant
  • Antihistamine cream
  • Antacid
  • One fully charged mobile
  • A good torch
  • A spare tire with having tools for changing
  • One bottle of water
  • Hazard triangle

List of children’s entertainment

  • Their most favorite toys
  • Teddy for sleeping
  • Video games
  • iPods and other electronics goods