Packs for Hydration During Trekking

As we all know, human bodies are made up of a large percentage of water, its a vital element in our lives. Proper hydration is important during any physical activity we conduct, in this case trekking. Whenever we go for a walk we take care to carry enough water with us to enable us to go all the human body parts smoothly.

There are now many options for storage and transport containers of liquids constructed in various materials and with different costs, tailored to every budget. Here are some of the options:

  • Military canteens: Commonly built in cantonments are the cheapest options. There for many years in the market and are based on the classic canteens used by members of the armed forces. Most commonly find in the range of green or camouflaged. There are several models, some coated fabric covers, allowing the belt and hook or shoulder hanging by a belt.

Disadvantages: the materials they are made usually of low quality which can transmit unwanted flavors to liquid.

choose Military canteen

  • Aluminum bottles: Constructed in this ultra light material come in different sizes as trekking bottle of aluminum and colors. Its shape is more like that of a bottle, making it easy to carry in the side pocket of the bag, leaving trekker hand free at all times. They have a screw cap, usually made of alloy high-impact plastic; that works in some cases as a simple lid, or other peak metering as a canteen-like cycling.


It is common also that the corks having a ring, so as to allow the passage of a clip to engage the bottle if necessary.

Disadvantage: If drive in the sun, the liquid will heat much faster because of aluminum. They are only suitable for water, it is not possible to transfer other liquids, such as juice, as this may cause diarrhea.

  • Poly-carbonate bottles:  These are very light and durable, built in this high-impact plastic derived, makes them a good choice for carrying purpose. They are products with a very good value and are presented in various formats (wide mouth, narrow mouth) and sizes. There are also a wide range of colors to choose from.

choose polycarbonate bottles

Advantage: Can be placed in the freezer to freeze the contents.

Disadvantage: Some studies argue that the polycarbonate releases certain substances that are harmful to long term health.

  • Stainless steel bottles: Bottle steel similar to aluminum in shape and design; perhaps not as light, but with all the advantages provided hygienic stainless steel and of course much more durable.


Anyone you choose, the important thing is always consider the water to go sightseeing, this will help us be well hydrated to enjoy the sport and more of your lives.

Introduction to Tools, Techniques & Instruments for Outing

As the definition says, is oriented east and find the rest of the cardinal points. But when we talk about an adventurous inroad in remote natural environments, making trekking, hiking or exploration, in addition to being oriented at all times through the corners this adventurer would have to master all the techniques possible orientation.

How a guidance manual says: “The tools for exploring nature” and the thing goes through there. Learn and master the techniques of counseling and land navigation, mapping and learn procedures position on the charts, as an operator knows how their tools, it is essential to explore the nature without missing.

Tools used the adventurous trip

  • Maps,
  • Compasses
  • GPS are tools

Topographic maps

The general mapping and topographic maps in particular are one of the tools. Maps and charts are representations of portions of the earth’s surface they have been reduced proportionately (to scale) for observation.

These representations in a plane have information that can be read directly (as posts, villages, rivers, landscapes, etc.), information that can be measured (distances, directions) and information in three dimensions to be interpreted.

Through altimetry, using heights (heights above sea level), and equidistance contours can obtain heights, slopes, identify edges and streams; so we can imagine the relief of the surface we observe.


Find the east and from there the rest of the cardinal points: N, S, E, W and based on these quadrants: NE, SE, SW, NW. To find the east and the rest of the cardinal points and there are several methods that divide two groups in natural and instrumental methods:

  • Natural methods of guidance: they are derived from the stars. The movement of the sun and stars. The rising and setting in the lexicon of stallholders, carriers and field men. The Southern Cross in the southern hemisphere. Mosses on stones and trees that indicate South to name a few.
  • Instrumental methods of guidance are given by three instruments: compass, altimeter and GPS Each has its benefits and limitations. It is important to use all the options of each to realize their potential.


Knowing the position and to place it on the topographic map is the key.

An element to consider is the position line. A line position in the city is a street or an avenue. We can say a street and a height and reach a meeting point in the city. We can say the intersection of two streets and get a fix.

In nature it is the same. A river is a line position shown in the field and in the topographic map. One direction is a direction of a reference in the field that can take it to the topographic map as a steering angle and draw a line.

Geographical coordinates are read on the display of GPS can take them to the topographic map as parallels and meridians and we can get a position. There are several techniques that can be used in position topographic maps according to the instruments.  We have available as Compass, altimeter, GPS, environmental conditions of visibility, references in the field, through the method of triangulation by geographical coordinates, flat and polar coordinates.

Land Navigation

Sailing is moved from one position to another following a referral system. In the cities we sailed along the streets and heights in the area sailed following different natural, artificial and instrumental references to advance a march, walking or hiking and always knowing where and where we go out. When we have paths, marked and signposted chopped navigation becomes apparent.

When we point the way (point position) of our destination loaded in the GPS, there is good signal and the equipment has batteries, navigation is simple. But when we are off-road with varying visibility and we topographic map and compass, there mastering techniques and navigation with compass position are vital. Mastering the different techniques of land navigation compass allows us the ability to move on the ground and give us autonomy and security.

These tools, techniques and procedures have to be learnt, master them and practice them. Making use experience we will manage more accurately and give us many possibilities when planning and making a trip, a trek or a scan.

Besides the topographic map has a lot of information that can be used in planning the trip. The level of information that gives us lets us know the type of terrain, terrain heights, vegetation, water courses, distances, directions, coordinates and to calculate the running time backpacking that require us trace the route.